MODE OF DELIVERY DOES NOT CORRELATE FETAL OUTCOME IN PREGNANCY WITH COVID-19 AT DR. M. DJAMIL HOSPITAL PADANG

Heri Farnas(1*), Roza Sriyanti(2)

(1) Prodi Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang
(2) Sub Division of Fetomaternal Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University, Dr. M. Djamil Central General Hospital Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/aoj.6.1.%25p.2022

Abstract


Introduction: Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first reported in Wuhan, China. Knowledge about COVID-19 infection in relation to pregnancy and the fetus is still limited. Report from China shows high rate of caesarean delivery (> 90%) due to the suspicion for vertical transmission. Globally there is an increase of caesarean delivery in women with COVID-19 infection. Clinical implications mode of delivery in pregnancies with COVID-19 infection are not fully understood.

Objective: The aims of this study to assess differences in fetal outcome based on the mode of delivery in pregnancies with COVID-19 infection.

Methods: This observational analytic study with cross sectional study design was conducted in single center at dr. M. Djamil General Hospital Padang from March 2020-March 2021. All study subjects qualified to inclusion and exclusion criteria included. The fetal outcome analyzed based on APGAR scores and COVID-19 status in newborn baby using Mann-Whitney test.

Results: A total of 49 patients were analyzed. The results showed mean APGAR score 1 minute in the vaginal delivery was lower than caesarean delivery (6.87±1.06 vs 7.38±0.82) but not significant (p=0.09). No significant difference between vaginal delivery and caesarean delivery based on APGAR score 5 minutes (p=0.19). None newborn babies infected with COVID-19 in both groups.

Conclusions: There was no difference of fetal outcome based on the APGAR score in pregnancies with COVID-19 infection by mode of delivery. There were no cases of infants with COVID-19 infection in both groups.

Keywords: COVID-19, mode of delivery, APGAR score


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Address for Correspondence:

Editorial Room Andalas Obstetrics and Gynecology Journal 3rd floor of KSM Obstetrics and Gynecology
RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Padang, Sumatara Barat, 25127