Relationship between Behavior, Occupation and Abuse of Psychotropic Drugs and Addictive Substances with Cases of Sexual Violence by Partners Against Women Recorded at the Women Crisis Center in Padang City


  • Muhammad Zaldy Rasyid Putra
  • Aladin Aladin Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University, Dr. M. Djamil Central General Hospital Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia;
  • Firdawati Firdawati Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia



behavior, drugs, job stability, sexual violence


Background : One of the main issues affecting reproductive health is sexual violence. Sexual
violence is the third most common form of violence against women (30%) of all cases. Based
on data from the Woman Crisis Center (WCC) in Padang, cases of sexual violence have
continued to increase. There are four main determinants of sexual violence including the
social environment, community, individual and relationship.
Methods: A case-control study is designed to help determine if an determinants is associated
with an outcome. This study was conducted on 66 samples, 33 of whom were female victims
of sexual violence by partners registered at the WCC. The B-SAFER questionnaire is used as
an instrument to assess descriptions of sexual violence committed and psychosocial
assessment of the factors underlying the occurrence of sexual violence. Chi-Square test and
logistic regression are used to analyze the relationship between variables.
Results: There is no significant relationship between the abuse of psychotropic drugs and the
incidence of sexual violence. However, there is a significant relationship between a history of
negative behavior (p = 0.0001) and disruption of job stability (p = 0.0002) to incidents of
sexual violence. Between this two, negative behavior is the factor that most contributes to the
incidence of sexual violence against women, but it is not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Behavior is the most important factor in the occurrence of sexual violence, but
statistically it is not significant. There is no variable that determines sexual violence because
the concept of sexual violence is a complex and polymorphic phenomenon. Further studies
are needed in determining the role of other factors that play a role.


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