Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Pregnant Women with Covid-19 in Gadjah Mada Academic Hospital

Yosi Tamara(1*), Fithri Islamiyah Sapuraning Rahayu(2), Rendy Singgih(3)

(1) Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Hospital Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Hospital Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Hospital Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author



Introduction: This study aimed to determine the characteristics of pregnant women diagnosed with
Covid-19 and hospitalized at the Gadjah Mada University Academic Hospital.
Methods: The method in this study is a descriptive research method to illustrate a situation objectively
and without intervention. All pregnant women who seek treatment and are included in the Gadjah Mada
University Academic Hospital study are diagnosed with Covid-19 by RT-PCR.
Results: The object of this study were 210 pregnant female patients diagnosed with Covid-19 until
August 2021. The third trimester dominated the gestational age, and most of them had no symptoms
(asymptomatic). The most dominant symptom was cough. Most of the patients came with referrals from
the puskesmas on the grounds of pregnancy complaints. Most of them are puskesmas referrals with
seven days of treatment in the hospital. Most of the delivery of pregnant women with Covid-19 was by
abdominal delivery.
Conclusion: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women with Covid-19 who
underwent treatment varied. Most of them went home from treatment due to improved conditions or
had given birth and continued to self-isolate at home. Nevertheless, it remains a concern that Covid-19
is undoubtedly one of the factors that can cause death in pregnant women.


Clinical characteristics; Outcomes of Pregnant Women; Covid-19

Full Text:



Kotlar B, Gerson E, Petrillo S, Langer A, Tiemeier H. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on

maternal and perinatal health: a scoping review [Internet]. Vol. 18, Reproductive Health. BioMed

Central; 2021. Available from:

World Health Organization. Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when novel

coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection is suspected: interim guidance, 28 January 2020 [Internet].

World Health Organisation. 2020 [cited 2021 Mar 1]. Available from:

di Toro F, Gjoka M, di Lorenzo G, de Santo D, de Seta F, Maso G, et al. Impact of COVID-19 on

maternal and neonatal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Microbiology

and Infection [Internet]. 2021;27(1):36–46. Available from:

Chen H, Guo J, Wang C, Luo F, Yu X, Zhang W, et al. Clinical characteristics and intrauterine

vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective

review of medical records. The Lancet [Internet]. 2020;395(10226):809–15. Available from:

Knight M, Bunch K, Vousden N, Morris E, Simpson N, Gale C, et al. Characteristics and outcomes

of pregnant women admitted to hospital with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in UK: national

population based cohort study. BMJ [Internet]. 2020 Jun 8;369:m2107. Available from:

Figueiro-Filho EA, Yudin M, Farine D. COVID-19 during pregnancy: an overview of maternal

characteristics, clinical symptoms, maternal and neonatal outcomes of 10,996 cases described in

countries. J Perinat Med [Internet]. 2020 Nov 26;48(9):900–11. Available from:

Chi J, Gong W, Gao Q. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women with COVID-19

and the risk of vertical transmission: a systematic review. Arch Gynecol Obstet [Internet].

;303(2):337–45. Available from:

Liu D, Li L, Wu X, Zheng D, Wang J, Yang L, et al. Pregnancy and Perinatal Outcomes of Women

With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pneumonia: A Preliminary Analysis. American Journal of

Roentgenology [Internet]. 2020 Jul;215(1):127–32. Available from:

di Mascio D, Khalil A, Saccone G, Rizzo G, Buca D, Liberati M, et al. Outcome of coronavirus

spectrum infections (SARS, MERS, COVID-19) during pregnancy: a systematic review and metaanalysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM [Internet]. 2020;2(2):100107. Available from:

Kasraeian M, Zare M, Vafaei H, Asadi N, Faraji A, Bazrafshan K, et al. COVID-19 pneumonia

and pregnancy; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal

Medicine [Internet]. 2020;0(0):1–8. Available from:

Zhang L, Dong L, Ming L, Wei M, Li J, Hu R, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus

(SARS-CoV-2) infection during late pregnancy: a report of 18 patients from Wuhan, China. BMC

Pregnancy Childbirth [Internet]. 2020 Dec 8;20(1):394. Available from:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Address for Correspondence:

Editorial Room Andalas Obstetrics and Gynecology Journal 3rd floor of KSM Obstetrics and Gynecology
RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Padang, Sumatara Barat, 25127